June 23rd, 2017


Chronic pain management and health care of Aboriginal peoples living in Canada is a serious concern where inequities are seen across the continuum of care.

The ILC Foundation applaud proposed changes in policy development as it relates to their unique health care challenges defined in The Crisis of Chronic Disease among Aboriginal Peoples, by Dr. J. Reading PhD, at the Centre for Aboriginal Health Research at the University of Victoria, B.C.

“Community based interventions are now needed to focus policies and strategies, to ensure that we are making meaningful, long-term improvements across a wide range of health issues facing Aboriginal peoples.”

To help realize the vision provided in The Guidelines for Health Research Involving Aboriginal People (CIHR, 2007).

“The idea is to engage community collectives in a transition from the previous role of research subjects to that of actively engaged research participants and leaders…

 Through the development of research agreements, communities can engage in research and over time, a foundation of trust is expected to develop between Aboriginal communities and researchers

 The ultimate goals are to improve the health and well being of Aboriginal peoples through community based research that builds on the traditional health practices of Aboriginal communities and develops innovative programs and services, which better meet the needs of Aboriginal people…

 Aboriginal peoples’ health needs to shape Canada’s research agenda, focusing attention on the critical areas that could, once fully understood, contribute to improve Aboriginal peoples’ health.”

The changes being discussed are not going to improve overnight. But through Canada’s innovative partnerships plan, Aboriginal communities will share in and contribute to advancing care and improving health outcomes.

In this province, as in many across the country, there are significant gaps in Indigenous health care services across Ontario – in home and community care, in primary care both on- and off-reserve with concern on the care.

Increasing equitable access to health care through investments in the health and wellness of Indigenous communities is one of many steps on Ontario’s journey of healing and reconciliation with Indigenous peoples. See also Chapter V: Working with Our Partners for more information on Ontario’s Commitment to Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples.

The First Nations Health Action Plan focuses on primary and hospital care, public health and crisis support.

As highlighted in Ontario’s First Nations Health Action Plan (OFNHAP), Ontario is investing nearly $222 million over three years, followed by sustained funding of $104.5 million annually, to address health inequities and improve access to culturally appropriate health services over the long term. While focused on northern First Nations, where there are significant gaps in health services, the OFNHAP also includes investments in Indigenous health care across Ontario in home and community care, primary care, and diabetes prevention and management, both on- and off-reserve.

Providing Health Care for Ontario’s Indigenous Peoples

Both federal and provincial governments provide health care services for Indigenous peoples in Ontario. All eligible residents of Ontario, including Indigenous people, are entitled to receive insured health services anywhere in the province. As well, some provincially funded health care services focus on specific needs of Indigenous people, both on- and off-reserve, especially in remote and northern communities. These include:

  • 10 Aboriginal Health Access Centres and five Indigenous-governed Family Health Teams across the province, which provide traditional healing; culturally sensitive primary and chronic care; and mental health, addictions and social support services.
  • Investing up to $30 million for the development and operation of up to 10 expanded culturally appropriate inter-professional primary care teams.
  • Physician services for 30,000 people in 28 First Nation communities in the Sioux Lookout region.
  • Aboriginal midwifery services (described later in this section).
  • Four on-reserve long-term care homes.
  • Air and land ambulance services and first response teams for First Nation communities.


  • Announcements

    ILC Centre of Excellence – Toronto Stay Tuned

    ILC Support and Accessibilities Centre specializing in EDS and related conditions that cause altered physical abilities – Stay Tuned

    For more information, contact

  • Research Projects

  • National Pain Strategy

  • Recent Articles

  • Upcoming Events

    1. Uptown Hair & Spa Charity Cut-a-Thon

      June 10, 2018 @ 11:00 am - 2:00 pm
    2. Teletime Charity Classic Golf Tournament

      September 4, 2018
    3. ILC 6th Annual Ehlers Danlos & Chronic Pain Conference

      November 2, 2018 - November 3, 2018
The ILC Foundation

The ILC Foundation